And now the technical bit...
As a whisky drop dries, a combination of molecules in the liquid ensure a spatially uniform deposition—a finding that could inspire coating technologies.
|Whisky Stain - without the Marangoni effect?|
Many solutions produce an uneven stain when they dry out on a surface. This so-called “coffee-ring effect” arises because evaporation is faster at the edges of a drop than at the center. When liquid flows outward to replenish this loss, particles in the solution are dragged along and deposited at the edge. This nonuniform residue is undesirable for many applications, including 3D printers that build layer upon layer using liquid deposition.
Researchers have previously found that mixing solvents (such as water and alcohol) can reduce the coffee-ring effect, but only for submillimeter drops. Large drops of whisky, however, appear to produce uniform stains, as revealed in recent images taken by Phoenix-based photographer Ernie Button. Intrigued, Stone’s team used florescent markers to track the motion of fluid in whisky drops and observed inward flow that partly countered the outward flow from differential evaporation. They explained this behavior as due to fat-like surfactant molecules that lower the surface tension. As a drop evaporates, the surfactants collect on the edge, creating a tension gradient that pulls liquid inward (the so-called Marangoni effect). In addition, plant-derived polymers stick to the glass, helping to channel particles to the substrate where they adhere. To confirm this picture, the researchers showed that whisky-like liquids lacking either polymers or surfactants did not produce uniform stains.
This research is published in Physical Review Letters.
I'll drink to that ...
And if we are to be so exact - let's pelt the Pedant